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Title 10: Traffic Code

Chapter 10-1  General Regulations
Chapter 10-2  Operation of Vehicles
Chapter 10-3  Parking
Chapter 10-4  Truck Routes
Chapter 10-5  Pedestrians
Chapter 10-6  Speed Regulations
Chapter 10-7  Traffic Signs and Signals
Chapter 10-8  Miscellaneous Provisions
Chapter 10-9  Snowmobile Operations

Chapter 10-1  General Regulations

10-1-1    Definitions.  Terms used in this title, unless the context otherwise plainly requires, shall mean:

A.   Authorized Emergency Vehicle.  Vehicles of the fire department, police vehicles, and such ambulances and emergency vehicles of municipal departments or public service corporations as are designed or authorized by the chief of police.

B.   Crosswalk.  That portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation of curb and property lines at intersection, whether marked or not, or any other portion of a roadway clearly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface of the street.

C.   Curb.  The extreme edge of lateral boundary of a  roadway, whether marked by curbing or not.

D.   Department.  The police department of the City of Groton.

E.   Double Parking.  The standing of a vehicle upon a street at the rear of another vehicle which is parked diagonally at the curb, or the standing of a vehicle upon the street alongside and parallel at the curb.

F.   Driver or Operator.  Any person who is in actual physical control of a vehicle.

G.   Left Hand Side of a Street.  The side to the left of the vehicle as it moves forward.

H.   Motor Vehicle.  Every vehicle which is self-propelled.

I.   Parking.  The standing of a vehicle, whether attended or unattended upon a roadway, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading passengers.

J.   Pedestrian.  Any person afoot.

K.   Private Road or Driveway.  Every road or driveway not open to the use of the public for vehicular travel.

L.   Right Hand Side of Street.  The side on the right of the vehicle as it moves forward.

M.   Right-of-Way.  The privilege of the immediate use of the street.

N.   Roadway.  That portion of a street devoted to vehicular traffic.

O.   Semitrailer.  Every vehicle of the trailer type so designed and used in conjunction with a motor vehicle that some part of its own weight and that of its own load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.

P.   Sidewalk.  That portion of the street between the curb line and the adjacent property lines.

Q.   Street.  The term street shall mean any street, avenue, boulevard, alley, highway, or public place set apart for the public vehicular traffic.

R.   Street Intersection.  That portion of a street where it joins another at an angle, whether or not it crosses the other street, and shall include the full width of the street between the curb lines, extended, of the intersection streets.

S.   Through Streets.  Streets, or parts thereof, that have been so designated and marked, by order of the city council.

T.   Trailer.  Every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle.

U.   Vehicle.  Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a street, provided that for the purpose of this title a bicycle or an animal that is being ridden, driven, or led shall be deemed a vehicle.

10-1-2    Enforcement - Duty of Police Department.
A.   It shall be the duty of the chief of the police department and all police officers to enforce all the regulations and requirements of this title.

B.   Whenever any police officer shall find a vehicle standing or parked upon the street, as defined in this chapter, in the City of Groton in violation of any of the provisions of this title, he is hereby authorized to move such vehicle to a position and location permitted under the sections of this title relating to parked vehicles.

10-1-3    Police to Direct Traffic.  Police officers shall direct all traffic in conformance with traffic laws and ordinances, provided that in the event of a fire or other emergency, or to expedite traffic or safeguard pedestrians, members of the police or fire department may direct traffic as conditions may require.

10-1-4    Obedience to Police.  It shall be unlawful for any person to refuse or fail to comply with any lawful order, signal, or direction of the police department.

10-1-5    Authority of Police Department to Adopt Regulations. The chief of police is hereby empowered to make temporary regulations to cover emergencies or special conditions, provided any such regulations are not inconsistent with the provisions of this title.

10-1-6    Public Employees to Obey Traffic Regulations.
A.   The provisions of this title shall apply to the operator of any vehicle owned by or used in the service of the U S Government, this state, county, or city. It shall be unlawful for any such operator to violate any of the provisions of this title, except as otherwise permitted in this title.

B.   The provisions of this title regulating the movement, parking, and standing of vehicles shall not apply to authorized emergency vehicles as defined in this title while the operator of such vehicle is operating the same in an emergency in the necessary performance of public duties.  This exemption shall not, however, protect the driver of any such vehicle from the consequence of a reckless disregard of the safety of others.

Chapter 10-2  Operation of Vehicles

10-2-1    Driving on Right Side of Street.  Upon all streets, except upon one-way streets, the operator of a vehicle shall drive the same upon the right half of the street and shall drive a slow moving vehicle as closely as possible to the right hand edge or curb of a street unless it is impracticable to travel on such side of the street, and except when overtaking and passing another vehicle subject to the limitations applicable in overtaking and passing set forth in this title.
The foregoing provision of this section shall not be deemed to prevent the marking of lanes for traffic upon any street and the allocation of designated lanes to designated speeds.

10-2-2    Overtaking and Passing.  The driver of any vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall first give audible warning of his intention to pass and shall then pass at a safe distance to the left thereof, but only when such left side is clearly visible and is free from oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be made in safety and shall not cut in front of the overtaken vehicle until safely clear of same, and in no case shall a vehicle pass another vehicle in a street intersection.  The driver of a vehicle shall move to the right of the roadway a sufficient distance to allow passing when so signaled from a vehicle behind desiring to pass, and shall not increase the speed of his vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.  Vehicles shall not travel two (2) abreast on any street.

10-2-3    Motor Vehicles Left Unattended, Brakes to be Set.  No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall allow such vehicle to stand on any street unattended without first setting the brakes or placing an automatic transmission in park when standing upon any grade, turning the front wheel to the curb or side of the roadway.

10-2-4    Unlawful to Drive through Processions Unless Directed by Police Office.  It shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to drive between the vehicles comprising a funeral or other authorized procession while they are in motion.  This provision shall not apply to intersections where traffic is controlled by police officers.

10-2-5    Backing Around Corners or Into Intersection Prohibited. It shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to back such vehicle around a corner at an intersection or into an intersection of public streets. 

10-2-6    Right-of-Way.  Subject to the exception stated in the next succeeding section, the right-of-way rule as between vehicles at intersections is hereby declared as follows:

A.   The operator of a vehicle approaching an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle which has fully entered the intersection;

B.   When two (2) vehicles approach an intersection at approximately the same time, the operator of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right;

C.   The operator of any vehicle travelling at an unlawful speed shall forfeit any right-of-way which he may otherwise have hereunder.

10-2-7    Exceptions to Right-of-Way.   The operator of a vehicle entering a public street shall yield the right-of-way to authorized emergency vehicles when the latter are operated upon official business and the operators thereof sound audible signal by bell, siren, or exhaust whistle.  This provision shall not relieve the operator of an emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor shall it protect the operator of any such vehicle from the consequences of an arbitrary exercise of such right-of-way.

10-2-8    Stopping Prohibited in Specified Places.  It shall be unlawful for the operator of a vehicle to stop, stand, or park such vehicle on any of the following places, or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or a traffic control sign or signal:
A.   Within an intersection;

B.   On a crosswalk;

C.   Within fifteen (15) feet of inside boundary line of the sidewalk, or if no sidewalk is in place, within twenty-five (25) feet of the intersecting roadway, except that this provision shall not apply to alleys;

D.   Within fifteen (15) feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station, or directly across the street from such entrance;

E.   Within fifteen (15) feet of a fire hydrant;

F.   In front of a private driveway;

G.   On a sidewalk;

H.   Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when such stopping, standing, or parking would obstruct traffic;

I.   Parking against direction of traffic on through streets.

10-2-9    Standing for Loading or Unloading Only in Certain Places.
A.   It shall be unlawful for the operator of a vehicle to stop, stand, or park said vehicle for a period of time longer than is necessary for the actual loading or unloading of passengers, or the unloading and delivery or pick up and loading of materials in any place marked as loading zone.

B.   The city council shall have authority to determined the location of passenger zones and loading zones as described herein, and shall cause to be erected and maintained appropriate signs indicating the same.

10-2-10   Emerging From Alley or Private Driveway.  The operator of a vehicle emerging from a alley, driveway, or garage shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving onto a sidewalk or onto the sidewalk area extending across any alleyway.

10-2-11 Stop Before Entering Through Street.  Every operator of a vehicle or other conveyance traversing any street intersecting any through street, as designated and marked by order of city council, shall bring such vehicle or conveyance to a full stop at the place within fifteen (15) feet where such street meets the prolongation of the nearest property line of such through street, subject, however to the direction of any traffic control signs or signal or any law enforcement officer at such intersection.  The vehicle entering a through roadway (where there is stop sign) must yield the right-of-way to all vehicles which are either within the intersection, or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard.

10-2-12   Turning at Intersections.
A.   Right Turns.  The operator of a vehicle intending to turn to the right at an intersection or into an alley or driveway shall approach the point of turning in the line of traffic nearest the right hand edge or curb of the street, and in turning shall keep as closely as practicable to the right hand edge or curb of the street.

B.   Turning Left.  The operator of a vehicle intending to turn to the left at an intersection or into a driveway shall approach the point of turning in the lane of traffic to the right of and next to the centerline of the roadway; and unless otherwise directed by "turning marker", the operator of a vehicle in turning left at an intersection shall pass to the right of the centerline of the intersection before turning.

C.   Turning Markers.  The chief of police is hereby authorized to place turning markers within or at the entrance to intersections directing that traffic turning left shall follow a line of travel other than directed in subsection B of this section.  Whenever turning markers have been placed as herein provided, traffic turning left shall follow the line as directed by such marker.

D.   Turning Left on "Go" Signals.  The driver of a vehicle intending to turn to the left at an intersection where traffic is controlled by traffic control signals or by a police officer, shall proceed to make such left turn with proper care to avoid accident and only upon the "Green" or "Go" signal, unless otherwise directed by a police officer.

E.   Turning Right on "Stop" Signals.  The driver of any vehicle which is stopped as close as practicable at the entrance to the crosswalk and to the far right side of the roadway, then at the entrance to the intersection in obedience to a red or "stop" signal, may make a right turn but shall yield the right of way to any pedestrian and other traffic proceeding as directed by the signal at the intersection.  This provision permitting a right turn after a stop when facing a steady red light alone or "stop" signal shall not be effective if the city council prohibits such turn and if a sign is erected at such intersection giving notice thereof.

10-2-13   Turning Around at Intersections Prohibited.  At any intersection where traffic is controlled by traffic control signals or by a law enforcement officer, or where warned by an official traffic control sign displaying the words "No U Turn," or "No Left Turn," it shall be unlawful for the operator of a vehicle to turn such vehicle at the intersection in a complete circle, or so as to proceed in the opposite direction or to make a left turn.

10-2-14   Turning Movements and Required Signals.
A.   No person shall turn a vehicle at an intersection unless the vehicle is in proper position upon the roadway as required in section 10-2-13 of this chapter, or turn a vehicle to enter a private road or driveway or otherwise turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety.  No person shall turn any vehicle without giving an appropriate signal in the manner hereinafter provided in the event any other traffic may be affected by such movement.

B.   A signal of intention to turn right or left when required shall be given continuously during not less than the last one hundred (100) feet traveled by the vehicle before turning.

C.   No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided herein to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give such signal.  The signal provided herein shall be used to indicate an intention to turn, change lanes or stop and shall not be flashed on one side only on a parked or disabled vehicle or flashed as courtesy or "do pass" signal to operators of other vehicles approaching from the rear.

D.   The operator of a vehicle shall not turn such vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction except at an intersection pursuant to 10-2-13.

E.   Every vehicle, including motorcycles and bicycles, driving upon a one-way street, designated as such by proper road signs, shall drive only in the direction designated.

10-2-15   Signals by Hand and Arm or Signal Device.  Any stop or turn signal when required herein shall be given either by means of the hand and arms or by a signal lamp or lamps or standard approved mechanical signal device; but when a vehicle is so constructed or loaded that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle, then said signals must be given by such a lamp or lamps or signal device.

10-2-16   Method of Giving Hand and Arm Signals.  All signals herein required given by hand and arm shall be given from left side of the vehicle in the following manner and such signals shall indicate as follows:
A.   Left Turn -Hand and arm extended horizontally;

B.   Right Turn -Hand and arm extended upward;

C.   Stop or Decrease Speed -Hand and arm extended downward.

10-2-17   Exhibition Driving.  Any person who drives a vehicle within the city limits of Groton and in such manner that creates or causes unnecessary engine noise, tire squeal, skid, or slide upon acceleration or stopping or that simulates a temporary race, or that causes the vehicle to unnecessarily turn abruptly or sway shall be guilty of exhibition driving.

10-2-18   Prohibit Use of Dynamic Braking Devices. Operating any motor vehicle with a dynamic braking device engaged except for the aversion of imminent danger is prohibited.  Dynamic braking device means a device used primarily on trucks for the conversion of the engine from an internal combustion engine to an air compressor for the purpose of braking without the use of wheel brakes.  The police department shall have enforcement responsibility.

Chapter 10-3  Parking

10-3-1    Parking Zones.  The city council may designate by resolution any street, avenue, or alley in the City of Groton, as necessity requires, as parking zones for the parking of motor vehicle or vehicles of any nature and description or the storage of any material of any kind, nature, or description; provide the length of time for day and night parking; the hours that constitute day and night; and provide for marking with proper signs setting forth the manner, form, and hours of parking. Such parking zones shall be delineated on a map filed in the office of the finance officer.
The driver or person in charge of any vehicle parked in such a limited time zone shall comply with such time limit for parking as shown on the signs or marked on the curb where such vehicle is parked.

10-3-2    Penalty.  The offending automobile or other vehicle will be tagged with a tag, listing the date of the offense, license number of the vehicle, make, violation number, and location of offense with reference to street or avenue.  Whenever a notice is left by any member of the police department in or on any vehicle which has violated the parking regulations, the person in charge of such vehicle shall pay the amount of the assessment described thereon by taking such notice and amount of the assessment to the city finance office and depositing the same with the city finance officer. 

If the owner or operator fails to comply within seven (7) days from the date of notice of violation, then in that case, a summons will be issued and the assessment shall be raised by twenty-five dollars ($25) for the each violation.  The increased assessment can be paid at the city finance office within the above time frame.  If the summons is not complied with, a warrant will be issued to bring the owner or operator of the vehicle into court and an additional penalty will be assessed by the court for the violations.

Any vehicle parked in violation of this chapter may be removed from the streets by the police department and placed in public or private storage and the owner thereof, in addition to the fines and penalties provided in this chapter, shall pay the charges for towing and storage of said vehicle so removed by the police department.  All money so collected by the police department shall be immediately deposited with the city finance officer to be paid into the general fund.

10-3-3    Non-Parking Areas.  The city council may from time to time by resolution establish and cause to be designated and marked, non-parking areas along street curbs.  No vehicle shall be parked at any time or for any period except to load or unload passengers or merchandise in such place so designated and marked.

10-3-4    Spaces Reserved for Police Cars, Special Parking, Etc. The city council may from time to time by resolution establish and cause to be designated and marked, by suitable signs or otherwise, space for the exclusive use, day and night, of police cars, buses, and such other vehicles as they might deem entitled to such privilege.  After a space has been so designate and marked it shall be unlawful for any other vehicle to park within such space, day or night, except momentarily to take on or let off passengers.

10-3-5    Handicapped Parking.  There is no parking in any designated special parking space which is clearly marked as a handicapped parking space unless said vehicle in said parking space is displaying a serially numbered certificate or special license plate marking it as owned or operated by a handicapped person.

10-3-6    Parking During Snow Removal.  During the snow season when plowing is necessary, all vehicles parked on the city streets and avenues must be moved within twenty- four (24) hours after the snow plow has passed this vehicle.

10-3-7    Vehicles Left in Disrepair.  It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to park any automobile, truck, tractor, or other motor vehicle which is in a state of disrepair in the same location on a city street or parking lane for more than a period of ten (10) days.  It is declared that allowing such a vehicle to remain parked for more than ten (10) days is a public nuisance and a danger to the health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of the City of Groton.
Should a person, firm, or corporation desire to leave such a vehicle in a state of disrepair for more than ten (10) days for a valid reason, he shall obtain a permit in writing from the chief of police for an extension of time to complete repairs on said vehicle. The granting of such a permit and the length of time of said permit shall be up to the chief of police.

10-3-8    Parking of Trucks.  All freight and stock trucks shall be parked in the city at such places only as have been marked and designated by the chief of police and shall be parked parallel with the curb.  Provided however, that this section shall not apply to light delivery trucks delivering goods from house to house and place to place which require a brief stop to receive or deliver merchandise.

10-3-9    Parallel and Diagonal Parking.  Vehicles shall park in either a parallel or diagonal manner, according to the signs and paint demarcations in the parking area. Parallel parking shall be done so that the vehicle is parallel to the curb in the direction of traffic, and not closer than four (4) feet to any other vehicles, front or rear. 

The front and rear wheels on the right side of such vehicle shall not be more than eighteen (18) inches from the curb.  Diagonal parking shall be done so that the vehicle is parked at an angle with the curb of approximately forty-five (45) degrees, with the right front wheel touching or within twelve (12) inches of the curb.

Chapter 10-4  Truck Routes

10-4-1    Truck Routes.  All trucks entering, leaving, or operating within the city limits shall be driven only over and along the truck routes herein established and upon such other designated streets and areas over which truck travel is permitted.

10-4-2    Definitions.  The following terms, phrases, and words shall have the meaning as herein defined as they are used in this chapter.
A.   Person.  Any individual, association, company, corporation, firm, partnership, or organization.

B.   Truck.  Any motor vehicle designated or operated for the transportation of property which has a body weight or body and load weight which exceeds three (3) tons per axle.

C.   Truck Route.  The streets herein designated as the way over and along which trucks entering and leaving the city must operate.

D.   Deviating Truck.  A truck operating on city streets not designated as a "truck route" while operating within the city limits.

10-4-3    Through Truck Route Established.  It is hereby established within the city the following "through truck routes:"

A.   All trucks entering or leaving the City of Groton from the north or south shall proceed along SD Highway 37 or Sixth Street, which streets are bounded on the north by US Highway 12 and on the south by Railroad Avenue.  

B.   All trucks entering or leaving the City of Groton from the east or west shall proceed along US Highway 12 or Railroad Avenue, which streets are bounded on the west by SD Highway 37 and on the east by Sixth Street.

10-4-4    Exceptions.  Trucks may deviate from the above streets and highway for the following reasons:

A.   When it is necessary for conducting business at a destination in the city by first utilizing an established truck route to the point it becomes necessary to deviate from that route doing so at the intersection with the street or avenue nearest to the destination point and going directly to the destination point.  Upon leaving the destination point, the deviating truck shall return to the nearest truck route by the shortest route.  

B.   The operating of emergency vehicles upon any street in the city.

C.   The operation of trucks owned and operated by the city, a public utility, any contractor, or material supplier, while engaged in the repair, maintenance, and construction of improvements within the city.

D.   The operation of trucks upon officially designated detour.

10-4-5    Load Limits.  If load limits have to be imposed with weather changes, these load limits would coincide with state load limits when they are necessary.

10-4-6    Truck Route Signs.  The city police department shall cause all truck routes to be clearly marked to give notice that this chapter is in effect.

10-4-7    Enforcement of Truck Routes.  The city police department shall keep and maintain accurate maps setting out truck routes and streets upon which traffic is permitted.  The maps shall be kept on file in the office of the finance officer and made available to the public.

Any police officer having reason to believe that the weight of a vehicle and load is unlawful shall require any person driving or in control of said vehicle to proceed to any public or private scale available for the purpose of weighing and determining whether this chapter has been complied with provided that such vehicle is driven to the nearest scale but in no event more than five (5) miles.  It shall be unlawful for any person driving or in control of any such vehicle to fail to comply with their requirement.

Nothing in chapter 10-4 shall be construed to modify or change any of the regulations of the state highway department or the statutes of the state with reference to the gross weight permitted upon any highways within the city.

Chapter 10-5  Pedestrians

10-5-1    Pedestrian's Right-of-Way.
A.   The operator of any vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within any marked crosswalk or within any unmarked crosswalk at the end of a block, except at intersections where the movement of traffic is being regulated by police officers or traffic control signals.

B.   Whenever any vehicle has stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross a roadway, it shall be unlawful for the operator of any other vehicle approaching from the rear to overtake and pass such stopped vehicle.

C.   It shall be unlawful for a pedestrian to cross a roadway at any point other than within a marked or unmarked crosswalk.

10-5-2    Pedestrian's Right and Duties at Controlled Intersections.  At intersections where traffic is controlled by a traffic signal, a pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to vehicles lawfully proceeding directly ahead on a "Go" signal, and the driver of a vehicle while making a right or left turn shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians proceeding across the street on the" Go" signal. It shall be unlawful for a pedestrian to cross or attempt to cross a street when the traffic is stopped.

10-5-3    Pedestrians to Use Right Half of Crosswalk. Pedestrians shall move, whenever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks.

10-5-4    Pedestrians Soliciting Rides.  It shall be unlawful for any person to stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the operator of any private vehicle.

Chapter 10-6  Speed Regulations

10-6-1    Restrictions as to Speed.  Any person driving a vehicle on a street or highway shall drive the same at a careful and prudent speed not greater than is reasonable and proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface, and width of the street or highway and to any other conditions existing.

10-6-2    Speed Limitations.  It shall be unlawful for any driver to drive any vehicle upon a highway or streets of the city or in any municipal park at a greater rate of speed than the following:

A.   Fifteen (15) miles an hour when approaching within fifty (50) feet of a railroad grade crossing when the driver's view is obstructed.  A driver's view shall be deemed to be obstructed when at any time during the last two hundred (200) feet of his approach to such crossing he does not have a clear and uninterrupted view of such crossing and of any traffic on such railway for a distance of four hundred (400) feet in such direction from such crossing.

B.   Fifteen (15) miles an hour when passing a school during a school recess or while children are going to or leaving school during the opening or closing hours.

C.   Fifteen (15) miles an hour when approaching within fifty (50) feet and in traversing an intersection of streets when the driver's view is obstructed. A driver's view shall be deemed to be obstructed when at any time during the last fifty (50) feet of his approach to such intersection he does not have a clear and uninterrupted view of such intersection for a distance of two hundred (200) feet from such intersection.

D.   Except as provided above, twenty‑five (25) miles per hour on "Thru Streets," and side streets, or as otherwise designated.

E.   Fifteen (15) miles per hour in the City parks, and in the city cemetery.

Chapter 10-7  Traffic Signs and Signals

10-7-1    Traffic Signs and Signals.  The city council shall by resolution determine and designate the character or type of all official traffic signs and signals, provided that all traffic signs and signals erected and in operation are hereby designated official traffic signs and signals.
Subject to this selection, the chief of police is hereby authorized, and as to those signs and signals required hereunder, it shall be his duty to place and maintain or cause to be placed and maintained all official traffic signs and signals.  All signs and signals required hereunder for a particular purpose shall be approved by the city council, and as far as practicable, standard throughout the city.

10-7-2    Obedience to Traffic Signs and Signals.  It shall be unlawful for any operator to disobey the instructions of any official traffic sign or signal upon the street placed in accordance with the provisions of this title, unless otherwise directed by a law enforcement officer.

10-7-3    Interference With Signs or Signals Prohibited.  It shall be unlawful for any person willfully to deface, injure, move, obstruct, or interfere with an official traffic sign or signal.

10-7-4    Display of Unauthorized Signs or Signals Prohibited. It shall be unlawful for any person to place or maintain or to display upon or in view of any street any unofficial sign, signal, or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic sign or signal, or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic.  Every such prohibited sign, signal or device is hereby declared to be a public nuisance, and the chief of police is hereby empowered to remove the same, or cause it to be removed without notice. 

10-7-5    Council Authorized to Designate Crosswalk.  The city council may by resolution establish safety zones of such kind and character and at such places as they may deem necessary for the protection of pedestrians and may mark lanes for traffic on street pavements at such places as they may deem advisable consistent with the provisions of this title; and that space being so designated, it shall be the duty of the chief of police to mark such zones and lanes in accordance with such resolution.

Chapter 10-8  Miscellaneous Provisions

10-8-1    Accident - Duty to Stop.  The driver of any vehicle involved in any accident resulting in injury or death to any person or damage to property shall immediately stop and give his name and address, and the name and address of the owner and the license number of the vehicle he is driving to the person struck or the driver or occupants of any vehicle collided with and shall render to any person injured in such accident reasonable assistance, including the arrangement for medical assistance of such person by a physician or surgeon for medical treatment if it is apparent that such treatment is necessary or is requested by the injured person.

10-8-2    Duty to Give Immediate Notice of Accident to Law Enforcement Officer.  The driver of any motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in bodily injuries or death to any person or property damage to an apparent extent of four hundred dollars ($400) or more shall immediately, by the quickest means of communication, give notice of such accident to the police department.

10-8-3    Duty Upon Striking Animal.  The driver of any vehicle which collides with any dog or domestic animal causing injury thereto shall stop and attempt to notify the owner; if the owner cannot be notified at once, the driver shall report the accident to the police department in order that the injured animal may be properly cared for.

10-8-4    Duty Upon Striking Unattended Vehicles.  The driver of any vehicle which collides with or is involved in an accident with any vehicle or other property which is unattended resulting in any damage to such other vehicle or property shall immediately stop and shall then and there either locate and notify the operator or owner of such vehicle or property of his name, address, and the name and address of the owner and the license number of the vehicle he is driving or shall attach securely in a conspicuous place in or on such vehicle or other property a written notice giving his name, address, and the name and address of the owner and the license number of the vehicle he is driving and shall without unnecessary delay notify the police department.  Every such stop shall be without obstructing traffic more than is necessary.

10-8-5    Repair of Vehicle With Reportable Damage Prohibited Unless Required Notice Affixed - Violation as Misdemeanor.  The person in charge of any garage or repair shop shall not commence repair on any motor vehicle which shows evidence of having been involved in a reportable accident or struck by any bullet unless the vehicle bears the notice provided by the state public safety department. 

10-8-6    Parades and Processions.  No parade or procession other than a funeral procession shall be held or participated in upon the streets except with the prior consent of the city council.  The consent of the city council to the holding of such parade or procession shall be given unless it reasonably appears that the holding of the same would unreasonably obstruct and impede traffic or would be likely to disturb the peace and quietness of the city.

10-8-7    Interfering With Traffic.  No vehicle shall be parked or left standing on any street so as to interfere with or interrupt the traffic on said street.  Disabled vehicles are exempted from this but only for such reasonable period of time as may be required to remove the disabled vehicle form its position of interference.

10-8-8    Use of Coasters, Roller Skates, and Similar Devices. It shall be unlawful for any person on roller skates, roller blades or riding in or by means of any coasters, toy vehicles, or similar device to go upon any roadway except while crossing a street on a crosswalk.

10-8-9    Weight and Size of Vehicle and Loads.  No person shall drive or operate any vehicle upon any street the gross weight of which, including the load, or the size of which does not comply with the requirements of the state law governing such vehicle or as provided in subsection 10-4-2(B) of this ordinance.

10-8-10   Brakes and Signaling Device.
A.   Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer, and any combination of such vehicles shall be equipped with brakes in compliance with the requirements of SDCL 32-18;

B.   Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a horn in good working order capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of at least two hundred (200) feet.

10-8-11   Lights.  A motor vehicle upon a highway within the state during the period from a half (1/2) hour after sunset to a half (1/2) hour before sunrise and at any other time when there is not sufficient light to render clearly discernible any person on the highway at a distance of two hundred (200) feet shall be equipped with at least two (2) lighted lamps on the front and (2) on the rear of such motor vehicle, such lamps to conform to SDCL 32-17, provided that a motorcycle or motor bicycle shall be required to display but one (1) lighted lamp in front and one (1) in the rear.

10-8-12   Headlights Dimmed.  No person shall use head lights or side lights upon any vehicle on any street unless the same are dimmed in such a way as to prevent the light being dazzling or blinding to persons using the street.

10-8-13   Spot Lights.  No person shall use a spot light in the streets unless in an emergency, and then so as not to blind or inconvenience persons using the street.

10-8-14   Play Streets.  The city council may declare any street or part thereof as "Play Street," and place appropriate signs or devices in the roadway indicating such use.

10-8-15 Muffler, Excessive Smoke, and Noise.  No person shall operate or drive any motor vehicle unless such motor vehicle is provided with an adequate muffler, which shall at all times be kept closed so that the exhaust is effectively muffled.  No person shall operate a motor vehicle in such manner as to emit unnecessary or excessive smoke or noise from the motor of such vehicle or to needlessly sound the horn or other noise-making device. 

10-8-16   Prohibiting the Use of "Smitty" or Hollywood" Mufflers.
A.   The use of "Smitty" or "Hollywood" mufflers or other devices of a like character which make loud noises or explosions are hereby declared unlawful.

B.   It shall be unlawful to use a "Muffler Cutout" on any motor vehicle on any street or roadway in the city.

10-8-17   Vehicles With Lugs Prohibited.  No person shall operate or move any tractor or vehicle equipped with mud lugs, ice spurs, or spikes upon or across any street that is surfaced with portland cement concrete or surfaced with bituminous material or any other hard surfacing   material without first laying planks at least two (2) inches in thickness over the surface of such street in a manner so as to protect such street surface from any damage.

10-8-18   Pneumatic Tires With Metal Studs Permitted.  It shall be lawful to operate, upon the streets of the City of Groton, motor vehicles equipped with pneumatic tires in which there are embedded metal studs or wires of tungsten or other similar metal from October 1 to April 30 as provided by the state law.

10-8-19   Vehicles Prohibited on Closed Streets.  No vehicles shall be driven upon any street which has been closed to traffic by the proper authority.

10-8-20   Manner of Arrest.  Except in cases of driving while intoxicated or under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any stupefying or exhilarating drug, and except in the more serious and aggravated cases of speeding or careless and reckless driving, and except when reasonably necessary to secure appearance, a person charged with violation of a traffic ordinance of the City of Groton by a police officer need not be arrested in the regular manner but may first be given an opportunity, after notice, to appear voluntarily to answer for such traffic violation.

10-8-21   Notice to Appear.   A person charged with violation of a traffic ordinance shall be given a notice to appear before the circuit court magistrate or the county clerk of courts at the time stated in such notice, which shall be written within ten (10) days from the time of the offense; and that in event of failure to do so, a warrant will be issued for his arrest.  The notice shall state the name and address of the offender, if known; the license number and make of the vehicle involved in the violation; the nature, date, and location of the offense; and the time and place where the offender is to appear to answer to the charges. The notice shall be made in duplicate and the portion of the original stating the offense and the place and time to appear shall be given to the owner or driver charged with the offense or left in or upon the vehicle involved in the violation.

10-8-22   Appearance and Deposit for Fine.  A person who has received a notice of a traffic violation as provided in the preceding section shall appear at the time and place specified in such notice.  In cases of parking violations and other minor traffic violations for which the person charged has been ordered to appear before the circuit court magistrate or county clerk of courts; he may make a deposit for the fine as authorized by the court and sign a statement authorizing a circuit court magistrate or county clerk of courts to enter his plea of guilty to the offense, then he shall not be required to appear in court. Any person who has been guilty of three (3) or more violations of the provisions of the traffic ordinances of this city shall not be permitted to deposit the fine as herein above authorized, but must post a bond for his appearance in court at the time specified by the department, said bond to be in an amount set by the city council and on file at the office of the finance officer.

10-8-23   Failure to Appear.  Upon failure of a person to appear in response to a notice of a traffic violation as herein provided, he shall be subject to arrest in the manner otherwise provided by law.

10-8-24   Evidence of Traffic Violations.  In any proceeding for violations of the provisions of this title relating to the operation or parking of motor vehicles, the registration plate displayed on such motor vehicle shall constitute in evidence a prima facie presumption that the owner of such vehicle was the person who was operating or parking such motor vehicle at the time when such violation occurred or who parked such motor vehicle at the point where such violation occurred.

Chapter 10-9  Snowmobile Operation

10-9-1    Snowmobile Defined.  A snowmobile is any engine-driven vehicle of a type which utilizes sled type runners, wheels, or skis with an endless belt tread or similar means of contact with the surface upon which it is operated.  No snowmobile shall be operated within the   incorporated limits of the City of Groton except upon compliance with this ordinance.

10-9-2    Permitted Operations.  No person shall operate a snowmobile upon any street in the city except to provide an exit out of the city and a return to the residence of the operator or the owner of the snowmobile, by way of the most direct and closest route available.  Snowmobiles shall operate upon city streets only when they are snow covered or snow packed and shall not be operated on the sidewalks or any private property other than private property owned by the operator or owner of the snowmobile.

10-9-3    Licensed Drivers.  All operators of snowmobiles, operating on the city streets, shall have a valid South Dakota driver's license in their possession.

10-9-4    Mufflers.  Every snowmobile shall be at all times equipped with a muffler in good working order and in constant operation to prevent excessive or unusual noise or annoying smoke.

10-9-5  Brakes.  Every snowmobile shall be equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold such vehicle.

10-9-6    Safety Equipment and Inspection.  No snowmobile shall be driven on the roadway, street, or alley when said snowmobile is in such unsafe condition as to endanger any person or property.  The city police may at any time upon reasonable cause to believe the snowmobile is unsafe or not equipped as required by this ordinance, require the driver of such vehicle to stop and submit such vehicle to an inspection and test with reference thereto as may be appropriate.  No person shall operate any vehicle which has been found unsafe except to return such snowmobile to his residence, place of business, or to a garage until said vehicle has been placed in proper repair. 

10-9-7    Lights.  A snowmobile, when being operated within the city limits, shall display a headlight and taillight at all times, and such lights shall be conformity with the standards set by South Dakota law.

10-9-8    Hours of Permitted Operation.  No snowmobile shall be operated within the City of Groton between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. except that a driver may drive during this restricted time when he is coming into the city to his residence or drive during this restricted     time when he is leaving the city to go to his residence or when driving from work to his residence.

10-9-9    Exceptions.  Operators will be allowed the use of streets in the event of any emergency (sickness, fire, snowstorms, etc.).

10-9-10   Rules of the Road.  Every operator of a snowmobile shall observe all of the rules of the road pertaining to vehicles and in addition shall yield the right-of-way to motor vehicles.  Snowmobile operators are to use the shortest route when leaving or entering the city. All ordinances of the City of Groton pertaining to the operation of vehicles shall be applicable to the operation of snowmobiles and are adopted by reference and made a part hereof, the same as if set forth fully herein.

10-9-11   Permitting Unauthorized Person to Drive a Snowmobile is Unlawful.  No person shall authorize or knowingly permit a snowmobile owned by him or under his control to be driven on any public highway by any person who is not authorized hereunder or in violation of any of the provisions of this ordinance. 

10-9-12   Penalties.  Any person who shall violate one or more of these provisions hereof shall be subject to a penalty as set in this ordinance (11-1-1).